Hillary believes the benefits of government investment in research and development (R&D) are profound and irrefutable—they generated the science that spawned the internet and the Human Genome Project, and have helped spark lucrative new industries and countless high-paying jobs. Yet, federal funding for R&D as a share of GDP is lower than before Sputnik. As President, Hillary will look to grow the research budgets of entities like the National Science Foundation, the Department of Energy, and DARPA, so that we can tackle big challenges—like ensuring America continues to lead the world in High Performance Computing, green energy, and machine learning. Hillary will also make technology transfer easier and more efficient, as getting ideas to market is the catalyst for scaling innovations. She will support setting aside a small portion of federal research budgets for commercialization capacity building and accelerator grants, and expand proven models like the Regional Innovation Program and the NSF I-Corps program.